The word “surgeon” is derived from a Greek word meaning “manual labor”. A surgeon manually performs manipulations, sets bones and incises a patient, which differs from a doctor, who treats patients by prescribing herbs, tonics or pills.
Allis forceps are named after Dr. Oscar Huntington Allis (1836-1931) of
New York. Dr. Allis practiced orthopedic surgery and received the
Samuel Gross Prize from the Philadelphia Academy,
for his book on dislocations of the hip.
Criles forceps were invented by Dr. George Washington Crile (1864-1943), an American surgeon who practiced over 25,000 thyroidectomies during his career and carried out the first radical dissection of the neck.
Even if procedures change, certain instruments always remain popular, such as those from Dr. Barraquer. Prominent in ophthalmology,
Dr. Ignacio Barraquer (Barcelona 1884-1965) founded
the “Barraquer Institute of Ophthalmology” in 1947.
Dr. Barraquer also invented new surgical techniques.
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